Research Activities

In its pursue to innovating and developing the most advanced techniques and apply them to future technologies, Wave Up is constantly working on new ideas. Research is always among the primary focuses of the company in order to stay at the forefront of technology.

One of Wave Up’s active research areas includes reconfigurable antennas. The possibility of using antennas which are able to steer their beam is gaining an increasing interest for future telecommunication systems which are going towards higher capacity and higher transmission speeds.

Wave Up’s preliminary studies show that beam steering antennas based on the Metasurface technology is possible and that the requirements set by the newest communication systems may be met.

Don’t hesitate to contact us for more information about our latest developments in this field.

Projects


In the past years, Wave Up has been involved in several projects founded by the Italian and the European Space Agency, also in the role of prime contractor. The close working relationship with the European and Italian space agencies, exposing Wave Up to cutting-edge technologies, has become the vehicle for technological innovation, and has provided a springboard permitting Wave Up to pursue its innovative ideas and to develop ad hoc analysis and design tools allowing for their effective implementation.

Ongoing projects

Project type: ESA ARTES 5.2
Role of Wave Up: prime contractor

Metasurface ultra-flat antennas (MUFA): ultra-flat VSAT antenna for institutional and civilian applications

Realization of an ultra-flat, high performance antenna based on the use of metasurface technology for communication services operating in the Ka band for safety and surveillance applications

Read more


 

Project type: ESA TRP
Role of Wave Up: subcontractor

AMC/Metamaterial antennas for broadband connectivity

Exploration of the benefits of metamaterial antennas in a broadband satellite ground segment context, aiming at suggesting innovative and cost/power efficient solutions to implement electronic beam steering with a low-profile structure


 

Project type: ESA ARTES 5.1
Role of Wave Up: subcontractor

Low Profile Active Scanning Antenna Array Demonstrator (LPASSAD)

Demonstration of new ground segment antenna concepts utilizing reconfigurable Metasurface or phased array technology based on Liquid Crystals


 

Project type: ESA GSTP
Role of Wave Up: prime contractor

Medium-to-high gain X-band antenna with customisable pattern and polarisation

Development, up to TRL 6, of an X-band medium-to-high gain antenna system based on the modulated MTS concept for Earth observation


 

Project type: ESA ARTES 5.1
Role of Wave Up: subcontractor

High-performance horns with customisable radiation properties

Development and demonstration of a new class of horn antennas for telecommunication applications based on conjugate-matched meta-surface technology, aiming at improving the flexibility of the design, while reducing complexity and mass


 

Main past projects

Role of Wave Up: prime contractor

Conjugate-Matched Metasurface Enhanced Array

Design of a metasurface solution for UHF calibration radar transponder antennas, offering dual linear polarisation operations and very low side-lobes

Read more


 

Project type: ESA ITI
Role of Wave Up: prime contractor

Enhanced RF behaviour multi-layer thermal insulation (ERB-MLI)

Metasurfaces for the control of the scattering from a multi-layered thermal insulation on board spacecrafts to reduce unwanted antenna coupling and pattern distortion


 

Project type: ESA TRP
Role of Wave Up: subcontractor

Parametric Electromagnetic Models

Implementation of an open system for antenna design, antenna interactions and Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC) problems, based on the parametric combination of simple fast models and accurate methods, also in combination with measurements, suitable for payload and system simulations and verification


 

Project type: ESA TRP
Role of Wave Up: subcontractor

Low-Complexity data Downlink Antenna (LCDA)

Development, at proof-of-concept level, of a Ka band sectoral iso-flux shaped pattern antenna based on modulated metasurfaces for data down-link in LEO missions, with minimum complexity and a foot-print as small as possible


 

Publications

Articles on International Journals

  • S. C. Pavone, E. Martini, F. Caminita, M. Albani and S. Maci, “Surface Wave Dispersion for a Tunable Grounded Liquid Crystal Substrate Without and With Metasurface on Top,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag., vol. 65, no. 7, Jul. 2017.
  • G. Minatti, E. Martini, and S. Maci, “Efficiency of Metasurface Antennas,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag., vol. 65, no. 4, Apr. 2017.
  • G. Minatti, F. Caminita, E. Martini, M. Sabbadini, S. Maci, “Synthesis of Modulated-Metasurface Antennas With Amplitude, Phase, and Polarization Control,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag., vol. 64, no. 9, Sep. 2016.
  • G. Minatti, F. Caminita, E. Martini, S. Maci, “Flat Optics for Leaky Waves on Modulated Metasurfaces: Adiabatic Floquet-Wave Analysis,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag., vol. 64, no. 9, Sep. 20160.
  • A. Tellechea, F.Caminita, E. Martini, I. Ederra, J.C. Iriarte, R.Gonzalo, S. Maci, “Dual circularly-polarized broadside beam metasurface antenna,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag., vol. 64, no. 7, Jul. 2016.
  • M. Faenzi, F. Caminita, E. Martini, P. De Vita, G. Minatti, M. Sabbadini, and S. Maci, “Realization and Measurement of Broadside Beam Modulated Metasurface Antennas,” IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters, vol. 15, 2016.
  • M. Mencagli, C. Della Giovampaola, and S. Maci, “A Closed-Form Representation of Isofrequency Dispersion Curve and Group Velocity for Surface Waves Supported by Anisotropic and Spatially Dispersive Metasurfaces,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag., vol. 64, no. 6, Jun. 2016.
  • M. Mencagli, E. Martini and S. Maci, “Transition Function for Closed-Form Representation of Metasurface Reactance,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag., vol. 64, no. 1, Jan. 2016.
  • E. Martini, M. Mencagli, D. González-Ovejero and S. Maci, “Flat Optics for Surface Waves,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag., vol. 64, no. 1, Jan. 2016.
  • M. Mencagli, E Martini, D González-Ovejero and S Maci, “Metasurfing by Transformation Electromagnetics,” IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters, vol. 13, 2014.
  • D. González-Ovejero, E. Martini, B. Loiseaux, C. Tripon-Canseliet, M. Mencagli, J. Chazelas, and S. Maci, “Basic Properties of Checkerboard Metasurfaces,” IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters, vol. 14 2015.
  • M. Mencagli, E. Martini, S. Maci, “Surface Wave Dispersion for Anisotropic Metasurfaces Constituted by Elliptical Patches,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag., vol. 63, no. 7, Jul. 2015.
  • E. Martini, M. Mencagli, S. Maci, “Metasurface transformation for surface wave control,” Philosophical transactions of the Royal Society A, Jul. 2015.
  • M. A. Francavilla, E. Martini, S. Maci, and G. Vecchi, “On the Numerical Simulation of Metasurfaces with Impedance Boundary Condition Integral Equations,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag., vol. 63, no. 5, May 2015.
  • G. Minatti, M. Faenzi, E. Martini, F. Caminita, P. De Vita, D. González-Ovejero, M. Sabbadini, and S. Maci, “Modulated Metasurface Antennas for Space: Synthesis, Analysis and Realizations,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag., vol. 63, no. 4, Apr. 2015.

Book Chapters

  • G. Minatti, M. Faenzi, M. Mencagli, F. Caminita, D. González-Ovejero, C. Della Giovampaola, A. Benini, E. Martini, M. Sabbadini, S. Maci, “Metasurface antennas,” Aperture antennas for mm/submm wave applications, eds. A. Boriskin and R. Sauleau, Springer, 2018.

International Conferences

  • C. Della Giovampaola, M. Mencagli, G. Toso, and S. Maci, “Flat Lenses Design by Closed-Form Ray Tracing,” 12th Conference on Antennas and Propagation, 9-13 April 2018, London, UK.
  • M. Faenzi, G. Minatti, E. Martini, M. Sabbadini, S. Maci, “Physical Bounds for Metasurface Antennas,” 12th Conference on Antennas and Propagation, 9-13 April 2018, London, UK.
  • F. Caminita, E. Martini, G. Minatti, M. Sabbadini, F. De Paolis, S. Maci, “Very High Gain Low Profile Antennas for Satellite Communications in Ka Band,” 12th Conference on Antennas and Propagation, 9-13 April 2018, London, UK.
  • G. Minatti, F. Caminita, E. Martini, V. Martorelli, A. Benini, L. Le Coq, M. Ettorre, R. Sauleau, M. Bandinelli, R. Ravanelli, M. Sabbadini, S. Maci, “Ka-Band Metasurface Antenna for Data Downlink from LEO Satellites,” 12th Conference on Antennas and Propagation, 9-13 April 2018, London, UK.
  • F. Caminita, E. Martini, G. Minatti, C. Della Giovampaola, M. Faenzi, M. Sabbadini, F. De Paolis, S. Maci, “Review of the Last Implementations of High-Gain Modulated Metasurface Antennas,” 2018 IEEE International Symposium on Antennas and Propagation and USNC-URSI Radio Science Meeting, Boston, Massachusetts, July 8-13, 2018.
  • G. Minatti, M. Faenzi, E. Martini, M. Sabbadini, and S. Maci, “Metamodulation for Ultralarge Bandwidth,” 2018 IEEE International Symposium on Antennas and Propagation and USNC-URSI Radio Science Meeting, Boston, Massachusetts, July 8-13, 2018.
  • M. Faenzi, E. Martini, F. Caminita, and S. Maci, “Canonical Problems for Multifrequency Modulated Metasurfaces,” 2018 IEEE International Symposium on Antennas and Propagation and USNC-URSI Radio Science Meeting, Boston, Massachusetts, July 8-13, 2018.
  • C. Della Giovampaola, E. Martini, G. Toso, and S. Maci, “Analytical Ray Tracing for Flat Lenses,” 2018 IEEE International Symposium on Antennas and Propagation and USNC-URSI Radio Science Meeting, Boston, Massachusetts, July 8-13, 2018.
  • S. C. Pavone, E. Martini, F. Caminita, M. Albani, and S. Maci, “Beam Scanning Metasurface Antennas,” 2018 IEEE International Symposium on Antennas and Propagation and USNC-URSI Radio Science Meeting, Boston, Massachusetts, July 8-13, 2018.
  • C. Della Giovampaola, M. Mencagli, E. Martini, M. Albani, and S. Maci, “Surface-Wave Tracing by Flat Optics,” 2017 IEEE International Symposium on Antennas and Propagation and USNC-URSI Radio Science Meeting, San Diego, California, July 9-14, 2017.
  • G. Minatti, F. Caminita, E. Martini, V. Martorelli, M. Bandinelli, M. Sabbadini, and S. Maci, “Metasurface Sectoral Isoflux Beam Antenna for Space Application,” 2017 IEEE International Symposium on Antennas and Propagation and USNC-URSI Radio Science Meeting, San Diego, California, July 9-14, 2017.
  • G. Minatti, M. Faenzi, E. Martini, M. Sabbadini, and S. Maci, ““Compact Expressions for Efficiency and Bandwidth of Modulated Metasurface Antennas,” 2017 IEEE International Symposium on Antennas and Propagation and USNC-URSI Radio Science Meeting, San Diego, California, July 9-14, 2017.
  • M. Faenzi, D. González-Ovejero, G. Minatti, E. Martini, F. Caminita, M. Sabbadini, and S. Maci, “Dual-band modulated metasurface antennas,” 2017 IEEE International Symposium on Antennas and Propagation and USNC-URSI Radio Science Meeting, San Diego, California, July 9-14, 2017.
  • S. C. Pavone, E. Martini, F. Caminita, M. Albani, and S. Maci, “Losses Estimation in Liquid-Crystal Based Reconfigurable Slotted Metasurfaces,” 2017 IEEE International Symposium on Antennas and Propagation and USNC-URSI Radio Science Meeting, San Diego, California, July 9-14, 2017.
  • M. Mencagli, F. Caminita, e. Martini, and S. Maci, “Metasurface-based lens with application to horn beam squinting,” 2017 IEEE International Symposium on Antennas and Propagation and USNC-URSI Radio Science Meeting, San Diego, California, July 9-14, 2017.
  • V. Sozio, M. Faenzi, M. A. Francavilla, E. Martini, F. Caminita, M. Sabbadini, S. Maci,
    and G. Vecchi, “Adiabatic Mode Formulation for Conical Metahorn,” 2017 IEEE International Symposium on Antennas and Propagation and USNC-URSI Radio Science Meeting, San Diego, California, July 9-14, 2017.
  • A. Tellechea, J.C. Iriarte, I. Ederra, R. Gonzalo, E. Martini, and S. Maci, “Characterization of a Dual Band Metasurface Antenna with Broadside and Isoflux Circularly Polarized Radiation Patterns,” 11th European Conference on Antennas and Propagation, Paris, France, 20-24 March 2017.
  • G. Minatti, E. Martini, M. Sabbadini, S. Maci, “Characterization of the Efficiency of Metasurface Antennas,” 11th European Conference on Antennas and Propagation, Paris, France, 20-24 March 2017.
  • S. C. Pavone, E. Martini, F. Caminita, M. Albani, and S. Maci, “Dispersion Analysis of a Reconfigurable Grounded Slab of Liquid Crystal Loaded by an Inductive Metasurface,” 11th European Conference on Antennas and Propagation, Paris, France, 20-24 March 2017.
  • M. Mencagli, F. Caminita, E. Martini, P. De Vita, V. Sozio, M. Sabbadini, and S. Maci, “Beam Squinting Metalens Design and Its Application to Multibeam Reflector Feeds,” 11th European Conference on Antennas and Propagation, Paris, France, 20-24 March 2017.
  • G. Minatti, F. Caminita, E. Martini, M. Sabbadini, and S. Maci, “Metasurface Antenna Design,” 11th European Conference on Antennas and Propagation, Paris, France, 20-24 March 2017.
  • D. González-Ovejero, G. Minatti, E. Martini, G. Chattopadhyay, and S. Maci, “Shared Aperture Metasurface Antennas for Multibeam Patterns,” 11th European Conference on Antennas and Propagation, Paris, France, 20-24 March 2017.
  • V. Sozio, M. Faenzi, M. A. Francavilla, E. Martini, F. Caminita, M. Sabbadini, S. Maci, and G. Vecchi, “Low Cross Polarization Conical Metahorn Based on an Adiabatic Mode Formulation,” 11th European Conference on Antennas and Propagation, Paris, France, 20-24 March 2017.
  • E. Martini, F. Caminita, S.C. Pavone, M. Albani, S. Maci, “Electronically scanning antennas based on reconfigurable metasurfaces,” Phased Array Systems and Technology Conference, Waltham, MA, USA, 18-21 October 2016 (invited).
  • G. Minatti, F. Caminita, E. Martini, and S. Maci, “An Adiabatic Floquet Mode Theorem for Metasurfaces,” 2016 IEEE International Symposium on Antennas and Propagation and North American Radio Science Meeting a Fajardo, Puerto Rico, June 26-July 1, 2016.
  • M. Faenzi, G. Minatti, E. Martini, F. Caminita, and S. Maci, “On Efficiency and Bandwidth of Metasurface Antennas,” 2016 IEEE International Symposium on Antennas and Propagation and North American Radio Science Meeting a Fajardo, Puerto Rico, June 26-July 1, 2016.
  • A. Tellechea, F. Caminita, E. Martini, I. Ederra, J.C. Iriarte, and S. Maci, “Metasurface Antenna Supporting Transverse Magnetic and Electric Surface Waves,” 2016 IEEE International Symposium on Antennas and Propagation and North American Radio Science Meeting a Fajardo, Puerto Rico, June 26-July 1, 2016.
  • S. C. Pavone, F. Caminita, E. Martini, M. Albani, and S. Maci, “Green’s function for Anisotropic Liquid Crystal Substrate,” 2016 IEEE International Symposium on Antennas and Propagation and North American Radio Science Meeting a Fajardo, Puerto Rico, June 26-July 1, 2016.
  • C. Della Giovampaola and S. Maci, “Historical Overview of EM Metamaterials,” 2016 IEEE International Symposium on Antennas and Propagation and North American Radio Science Meeting a Fajardo, Puerto Rico, June 26-July 1, 2016.
  • E. Martini, F. Caminita, G. Minatti, O. Lanciano, M. Sabbadini, and S. Maci, “Metasurfaces Antennas for Space Industry,” 2016 IEEE International Symposium on Antennas and Propagation and North American Radio Science Meeting a Fajardo, Puerto Rico, June 26-July 1, 2016.
  • M. Mencagli, E. Martini, and S. Maci, “Ray-Optics and Transformation Optics for Surface Waves,” 2016 IEEE International Symposium on Antennas and Propagation and North American Radio Science Meeting a Fajardo, Puerto Rico, June 26-July 1, 2016.
  • M. Mencagli, Jr., E. Martini, C. Della Giovampaola, and S. Maci, “Transition Function for SW Metasurface-Dispersion,” 2016 IEEE International Symposium on Antennas and Propagation and North American Radio Science Meeting a Fajardo, Puerto Rico, June 26-July 1, 2016.
  • A. Tellechea, F. Caminita, E. Martini, I. Ederra, J. C. Iriarte, R. Gonzalo, and S. Maci, “Theoretical Design Considerations for Dual Circularly-Polarized Broadside Beam Metasurface Antenna,” 10th European Conference on Antennas and Propagation, Davos, Switzerland, 10-15 April 2016.
  • M. Mencagli, Jr., E. Martini, D. González-Ovejero, and S. Maci, “Two-dimensional Optics for Surface Waves,” 10th European Conference on Antennas and Propagation, Davos, Switzerland, 10-15 April 2016.
  • G. Minatti, M. Faenzi, F. Caminita, E. Martini, A. Benini, M. Sabbadini, and S. Maci, “Addressing Leaky Waves by Modulated Metasurfaces,” 10th European Conference on Antennas and Propagation, Davos, Switzerland, 10-15 April 2016.
  • M. Violetti, E. Martini, F. Caminita, M. Sabbadini, and S. Maci, “Multiple metascreen for efficient phase control with small printed elements variation,” 10th European Conference on Antennas and Propagation, Davos, Switzerland, 10-15 April 2016.
  • M. Mencagli, E. Martini, and S. Maci, “Transition Function for Describing Metasurface Dispersion,” 10th European Conference on Antennas and Propagation, Davos, Switzerland, 10-15 April 2016.
  • M. Faenzi, F. Caminita, E. Martini, P. De Vita, G. Minatti, M. Bandinelli, O. Lanciano, M. Sabbadini, and S. Maci, “Rx-Tx flat antenna prototypes for space-to-ground links at X band,” 36th ESA Antenna Workshop on Antennas and RF Systems for Space Science, 6 – 9 October 2015, ESTEC, Noordwijk, The Netherlands.
  • G. Minatti, A. Benini, F. Caminita, E. Martini, P. De Vita, M. Faenzi, M. Bandinelli, O. Lanciano, M. Sabbadini, and S. Maci, “Design of space antennas for global coverage,” 36th ESA Antenna Workshop on Antennas and RF Systems for Space Science, 6 – 9 October 2015, ESTEC, Noordwijk, The Netherlands.
  • A. Benini, G. Minatti, F. Caminita, E. Martini and S. Maci, “GPOF Extraction of Complex Leaky Wave Wavenumbers for Metasurfaces with Axially Symmetric Modulation,” 2015 USNC-URSI National Radio Science Meeting, Vancouver, BC, Canada, 19-24 July, 2015.
  • M. Faenzi, F. Caminita, E. Martini, P. De Vita, M. Sabbadini, and S. Maci, “Ultra-Flat Antennas for Space Applications: Design, Realization and Measurements,” 2015 USNC-URSI National Radio Science Meeting, Vancouver, BC, Canada, 19-24 July, 2015.
  • F. Caminita, E. Martini, and S. Maci, “Rigorous Analysis of Sinusoidally-modulated Anisotropic Reactance Surfaces: Theory and Application to the Design of Modulated Metasurface Antennas,” 2015 USNC-URSI National Radio Science Meeting, Vancouver, BC, Canada, 19-24 July, 2015.
  • M. jr. Mencagli, E. Martini, D. González-Ovejero, and S. Maci, “Surface Wave Control by Transformation Optics,” 2015 USNC-URSI National Radio Science Meeting, Vancouver, BC, Canada, 19-24 July, 2015.
  • A. Tellechea, E. Martini, D. Gonzalez-Ovejero, M. Faenzi, G. Minatti, and S. Maci, “Dual band isoflux ultraflat meta antennas,” 2015 9th European Conference on Antennas and Propagation (EuCAP), Lisbon, Portugal, 2015.
  • M. Mencagli, D. González-Ovejero1, B. Loiseaux, C. Tripon-Canseliet, J. Chazelas, and S. Maci, “Optically reconfigurable metacheckerboard,” 2015 9th European Conference on Antennas and Propagation (EuCAP), Lisbon, Portugal, 2015.
  • M. Faenzi, M. Mencagli, E. Martini, D. González-Ovejero, and S. Maci, “Design of Modulated Metasurface Antennas based on Elliptical Patches,” 2015 9th European Conference on Antennas and Propagation (EuCAP), Lisbon, Portugal, 2015.
  • M. Faenzi, F. Caminita, E. Martini, P. De Vita, M. Sabbadini, and S. Maci, “Circularly Polarized Ultra-Thin Antennas for Space: Examples of Realizations,” 2015 9th European Conference on Antennas and Propagation (EuCAP), Lisbon, Portugal, 2015.
  • D. González-Ovejero, E. Martini, F. Caminita, M. Violetti, and S. Maci, “Method of Moments Analysis of Modulated Metasurface Antennas,” 2015 9th European Conference on Antennas and Propagation (EuCAP), Lisbon, Portugal, 2015.
  • F. Caminita, E. Martini, and S. Maci, “Exact Solution for Anysotropic, Periodically Modulated Boundary Conditions Excited by a Surface Wave,” 2015 9th European Conference on Antennas and Propagation (EuCAP), Lisbon, Portugal, 2015.
  • M. Mencagli, E. Martini, D. González-Ovejero, and S. Maci, “Transformation Optics SW-Based Devices,” 2015 9th European Conference on Antennas and Propagation (EuCAP), Lisbon, Portugal, 2015.
  • M. Mencagli, E. Martini, F. Caminita, M. Faenzi, and S. Maci, “Fast approach to the design of planar devices and antennas based on elliptical patch metasurfaces,” Advanced Electromagnetic Materials in Microwaves and Optics (METAMATERIALS), 2014 8th International Congress on, Lyngby, Denmark, 2014.

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